In honor of Elder Jones’s late bedtime on 1900 May 27, this week I will discuss two aspects of missionary sleeping arrangements. How often did they share a bed? and How did they feel about it?
The six traveling missionaries seem to have shared a bed with their companion(s) some frequency between “most of the time” and “almost always.”  The Mission President and Conference Secretaries seem mostly to have slept alone while tending their respective headquarters but shared beds when traveling.
The only “reason” I have found for sharing beds was that the Elders didn’t want to sleep on the floor. I detect neither rules nor rhetoric about sleeping arrangements in general nor the superiority of shared beds in particular.  I also detect no sexual awkwardness or complaints about the practice. Sharing a bed seems to have just been “the way things were.”
I think the Elders mostly shared beds and mostly didn’t think much of it because:
- I assume, with almost no empirical evidence, that most people in rural eastern Texas in 1900 did not keep multiple unoccupied beds in their houses;
- References to the Elders’ singular “bed” outnumber, ten-to-one, those to plural “beds” ;
- There are more clear references to sleeping together than there are clear references to sleeping alone;
- I perceive the references to the Elders or those they observe sleeping in the same bed to be “matter of fact,” having neither emotional intensifiers nor prominence in the entry. 
- The Elders do include some mild intensifiers when they shared a bed with three or more people, shared a bed with a non-missionary, or unexpectedly got their own bed.
 I have not completed a quantitative analysis. Making numbers up, I’d guess that the Elders spent 1-2% of their nights not in a house/hotel and another 1-2% in a house but not in a bed (though possibly sharing a pallet). At this point, I’d be really surprised if the Elders shared a bed fewer than 80% of the nights; I think a 95% estimate is not implausible.
 I find no direct evidence for or against the present-day rule for missionaries to always sleep in the same room. They did share rooms, and occasionally beds, with non-missionaries. There are instances when they did not stay at a home because there was no adult male present.
 For examples: “were given a bed” (Duffin, 1899 Nov 10 Fri); “gave us a good bed” (Jones, 1900 Apr 03 Tue); “we got Supper and a bed” (Clark, 1901 Aug 08 Thu). In the six diaries there are at least ninety such entries. The necessary caveat is that the Elder’s orthography… let us say, “did not conform to rigid notions of consistency,” whether sentence to sentence or between writers.
 The Elders noted beds that were hard, soft, hot, cold, bug-infested, cat-defended, and/or collapsing but, overall, paid little documentary attention to sleeping in the same or separate bed(s).